Who Invented School? [Video]

The history of schools is a complicated one. Who invented the first school and when did it take place is unclear.

While the modern school system dates back to the late 1700s, the concept of a school has been around for centuries. In ancient Greece, the Akademia institute created the school system. In modern language, the word academy is associated with the same institution. The philosopher Plato was the first to develop a school. Later, he advocated for the creation of professional teachers. He also promoted the importance of a comprehensive curriculum. The school has evolved and grown into a complex, multi-faceted structure throughout the centuries. 

Evidence of early schools can be found in Mesopotamia, China, and India, where schools were first organized and modeled after the family. During the Ottoman era, towns like Bursa and Edirne became learning centers. The Ottoman system of Kulliye - a building complex with a mosque, madrassa, hospital, and public kitchen - revolutionized education and provided students free meals, health care, and accommodations. But not all of these schools have been a success. By the end of the Ottoman Empire, schooling became mandatory for all children.

Who invented school?

Before the twentieth century, informal education was the norm. Before schooling became a public necessity, people had to pass on what they'd learned. While wealthy families sent their children to outside schools, lower-class children were taught at home. This led to a shift in education, as children were sent outside schools to learn skills needed for jobs. This was done individually, but later, children were taught to communicate with each other and save elders' time. 

Ultimately, education became a public good. People believed that education would be better imparted in large groups. This led to the development of schools. Elementary education was conducted primarily for boys between ages five and seven. Children went to tutors in their houses and were taught essential reading and writing. Older children attended Grammar Schools, where they learned Greek, Latin, literature, and arithmetic.

Many people contributed to the development of a school system. Horace Mann, a college professor born in Franklin, and former president of the Massachusetts State Board of Education, is often considered as the inventor of the modern school system because he introduced a new structure and direction into the teaching process. He found the first public school in 1776 and was a dynamic figure in the education field. 

Horace Mann also avoided the "old school" classroom, where children of every grade sat together. He advocated for public education and demanded that the general population finance schools. Mann's journal about the history of schooling is still an essential source of information about the history of education. He was responsible for developing the modern educational system which we know today and took credit for his creation in 1838.

Horace Mann history

The school's history in Horace Mann's life span can be traced back to his humble beginnings as a child living in poverty. His father was a Yankee farmer who did not have much money. This frugal upbringing taught him to be self-reliant, so he attended six weeks of school each year, using the local public library to supplement his education. After graduating high school at age seventeen, Horace Mann entered Brown University, earning his degree in three years. In 1822, he taught Latin and Greek at the university and became its librarian.

After serving on the Massachusetts board of education, Mann began a reform movement that revolutionized the state's education system. In 1837, the state created a board of education, the first of its kind in the country. As secretary of the board of education, he showed moral leadership as he reformed the state's school system. In addition to implementing changes in education policy, Mann founded the Common School Journal, an academic journal for teachers, and lectured on the subject to anyone willing to listen. In addition to his educational achievements, he traveled to Europe to learn more about other countries educational systems and practices.

A mixed legacy marks the school's history in Horace Mann's time. Although many historians view his work as a progressive step toward an open society, others have criticized it as an unconstitutional instrument of social control. While he aimed to promote the moral values of the Protestant middle class in the North, he was also a Unitarian, so his inclusion of the Bible in the school curriculum reflected his Unitarian theology.

Horace Mann is considered the "Father of the American public school." He reformed the school system by working with state officials and establishing various educational institutions. His vision of public education paved the way for the interpretation of the establishment clause by the Supreme Court. Until his death in 1859, he advocated for free public education.

Who invented the homework?

Since it gives students a chance to learn independently, homework has become a crucial part of academic studies worldwide. The role of homework in school has been questioned since it first emerged. While many argue that it is unnecessary to master the material, recent scientific research has shown that homework is an essential component of learning and can be a valuable tool. For students, homework allows them to expand their research skills and learn more about the material studied. And while it can be a hindrance to completing education, it is still crucial to the success of education.

The earliest mention of homework in school comes from ancient Rome when Pliny the Younger asked his followers to practice public speaking at home. The goal of this assignment was to develop confidence and improve oratory skills. Although this wasn't the same as homework today, it was necessary at the time. It was not a widespread practice until the 19th century when homework was considered universal in the United States. 

You may be wondering if homework was conceived for the benefit of students or if it was simply a fad that became popular after the Victorians abolished it. Whatever the case, homework is a vital part of schooling and the social life of students. So, it's essential to understand the person who invented homework to appreciate its impact better. Here are a few interesting facts about the man who invented homework.

While many people claim to be the inventors of homework, the concept itself isn't unique. It's the product of centuries of educators who have devised learning mechanisms to help students improve their learning. Not all of these teachers were documented enough by historians to claim credit for the idea. One of the earliest examples of homework was the creation of a compulsory school system in Germany called Volksschule by Johann Gottlieb Fichte in the beginning of the 19th century. Fichte believed that giving students homework would increase German nationalism.